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Polymastia aurantia

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Polymastia aurantium,Cornwallis Peninsula.2019

Uploaded by Muelly.
Courtesy of the author Javier Couper,New Zealand (Photo taken by Javier Couper) Image detail


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lexID:
12787 
AphiaID:
246102 
Scientific:
Polymastia aurantia 
German:
Warzen-Schwamm 
English:
Cone Sponge 
Category:
Spugne 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Porifera (Phylum) > Demospongiae (Class) > Polymastiida (Order) > Polymastiidae (Family) > Polymastia (Genus) > aurantia (Species) 
Initial determination:
Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997 
Occurrence:
Nuova Zelanda 
Sea depth:
Meter 
Size:
bis zu 18cm 
Temperature:
11°C - 20°C 
Food:
Filter feeder, Suspension feeder 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for aquarium keeping 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
  • Polymastia actinioides
  • Polymastia affinis
  • Polymastia agglutinans
  • Polymastia andrica
  • Polymastia arctica
  • Polymastia atlantica
  • Polymastia azorica
  • Polymastia bartletti
  • Polymastia bicolor
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2020-02-16 13:05:21 

Husbandry

Polymastia aurantia Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997

Spelling Originally Polymastia aurantium but corrected to Polymastia aurantia to match the gender of the genus name.

Polymastia aurantia is a sponge belonging to the family Polymastiidae. It is found in intertidal habitats including tide pools in the vicinity of Auckland, New Zealand.

The sponge is thickly and encrusting with a soft, fleshy texture. The outer surface is bright orange with a yellowish-brown interior and marked with widely spaced papillae. In areas of strong wave action, Polymastia sponges does not grow the teat structures, but instead grows in a corrugated form.

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

This sponge is a filter feeder and suspension feeder.

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