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Mola mola


Mola mola 
Giant Sunfish, Headfish, Mola Ocean Sunfish, Moonfish, Ocean Sunfish, Sunfish, Sun-fish 
Pesci palla 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Tetraodontiformes (Order) > Molidae (Family) > Mola (Genus) > mola (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
United States Minor Outlying Islands, the Ivory Coast, Jordan, French Guiana, Niue, Vietnam, Senegal, Equatorial Guinea, Norfolk Island, Comores, The Gulf of Guinea, Circumglobal, Line Islands, Benin, Pakistan, Morocco, Suriname, Tokelau, Clipperton Island, Puerto Rico, Newfoundland, Yemen, Saint Martin / Sint Maarten, Nigeria, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, North Pacific (Ocean), the Cocos Islands / Keeling Islands, Gambia, Cuba, Barbados, Haiti, Mayotte, Chile, Phoenix Islands, Namibia, Djibouti, Jamaica, Uruguay, Ecuador, Cambodia, Wake Atoll, Congo, Somalia, Bakers Island, Guatemala, Howland Island, Peru, Mozambique, Iran, Tuvalu, El Salvador, the Nicobar Islands, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate, the Faroe Islands, the Canary Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, West Sahara, Columbia, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Ghana, Réunion , Straße von Gibralta, Guadeloupe, Oceanodromous, Sudan, Paracel-Islands, Togo, Nauru, Tunesien, the Netherlands Antilles, Eritrea, Cameroon, São Tomé e Principé, Northeast Pacific Ocean, Wallis and Futuna, Kiribati, Sierra Leone, Spratly Islands, Gulf of Oman / Oman, Madeira, Southeast Atlantic, Panama, Tansania, The Chagos Archipelago (the Chagos Islands), India, Myanmar, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Costa Rica, Israel, Russland, Alaska , Algeria, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua e Barbuda, Argentina, Atlantico centrale, Atlantico occidentale, Atlantico orientale, Atlantico settentrionale, Atollo di Johnston, Australia, Azzorre, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brasile, Canada , Caraibi, Christmas Islands, Cina, Corea, Coste Europee, Dominica, Egitto, Fiji, Filippine, Galapagos , Giappone, Golfo del Messico, Golfo Persico, Grenada, Guam, Guyana, Hawaii, Honduras, Indonesia, Indopacifico, Isola di Cook, Isola di Pasqua, Isole Britanniche, Isole Cayman, Isole Marshall, Isole Salomon, Isole Turks e Caicos, Isole Vergini britanniche, Isole Vergini, Stati Uniti, Kenia, Madagascar, Maldive, Malesia, Mar delle Andamane, Mar Nero, Mar rosso, Mauritius, Mediterraneo, Micronesia, Nicaragua, Nuova Caledonia, Nuova Zelanda, Oceano Indiano, Oceano Indiano occidentale, Pacifico centrale, Pacifico meridionale, Pacifico occidentale, Pacifico orientale, Palau, Papua Nuova Guinea, Picairns, Polinesia Francese, Repubblica Dominicana, Saint Kitts e Nevis, Samoa, Samoa americane, Scandinavia, Seychelles, Singapore, South Atlantic, Sri Lanka, St. Lucia, St. Vincent e Grenadines, St.Helena, Sudafrica, Tailandia, Taiwan, Tonga, Trinidad e Tobago, Vanuatu 
Sea depth:
30 - 480 Meter 
bis zu 400cm 
5°C - 28°C 
Crostacei, Granchi, medusa, Piccoli pesci, Ricci di mare, Stelle marine, zooplancton 
Non adatto agli acquari! 
Not available as offspring 
Has a poison harmful to health 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Vulnerable (VU) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
More related species
in this lexicon
Last edit:
2020-07-19 15:55:43 


This is a general hint!
Mola mola has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Mola mola in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Mola mola. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
Overview Worldwide:

Translated with


Mola mola, also called the moon- or sunfish, a representative of the open ocean and found in all oceans around the globe. From the edge of the Arctic Circle to South Africa, from the south coast of Australia and New Zealand to Alaska in the north, there are sightings. The only exceptions are the waters around South America, so far there are no sightings.

The name Mola mola means "milestone" and he is in the world of fishes a real milestone. With up to 4 meters in length certainly not be overlooked and yet is rarely found in the open ocean. Absolutely peaceful and yet impressive, once you get him to see, this is certainly a memorable moment.

Certainly not an aquarium fish, with his size certainly no wonder. Also in very large display aquariums it should be, if at all, rarely or not at all found.

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Molidae
Genus: Mola
Species: M. Mola




Husbandry know-how of owners

derhirrsch am 31.01.11#2
Im Aquarium in Palma habe ich diesen tollen Fisch auch schon gesehen.
Markus Köchle am 11.07.10#1
Hallo Heinz,

so selten kommt der in großen Schauaquarien gar nicht vor, ich weiß z.B. von Exemplaren in Lissabon und Valencia


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