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Canthidermis maculata


copyright Prof. Dr. Robert A. Patzner

Uploaded by AndiV.
Courtesy of the author Dr. Robert A. Patzner, Österreich Image detail


Canthidermis maculata 
Weißtupfen-Drückerfisch, Rauher Drückerfisch 
Rough Trigger-fish, Spotted Oceanic Triggerfish 
Pesci balestra 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Tetraodontiformes (Order) > Balistidae (Family) > Canthidermis (Genus) > maculata (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Bloch, ), 1786 
Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, Madeira, Bakers Island, Haiti, The Chagos Archipelago (the Chagos Islands), Nauru, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Costa Rica, Nigeria, Saint Martin / Sint Maarten, the Canary Islands, the Ivory Coast, Panama, Peru, Comores, Tuvalu, Line Islands, Tokelau, Morocco, Suriname, The Gulf of Guinea, Benin, Mayotte, Spratly Islands, Guatemala, Myanmar, Howland Island, Clipperton Island, Yemen, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Cocos Islands / Keeling Islands, Cuba, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Tansania, Gambia, Barbados, Mauritania, Guadeloupe, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Chile, São Tomé e Principé, Venezuela, Djibouti, the Nicobar Islands, Ecuador, Congo, Togo, Gabon, Sudan, Somalia, Namibia, Senegal, India, Wallis and Futuna, the Netherlands Antilles, Cameroon, El Salvador, Columbia, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Circumglobal, Réunion , French Guiana, Ghana, Straße von Gibralta, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, West Sahara, Niue, Africa occidentale, Angola, Antigua e Barbuda, Australia, Azzorre, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brasile, Capo Verde, Christmas Islands, Cina, Cocos Island, Corea, Dominica, Egitto, Fiji, Filippine, Galapagos , Giappone, Golfo del Messico, Grenada, Guam, Guyana, Hawaii, Honduras, Indonesia, Isola di Cook, Isole Britanniche, Isole Cayman, Isole Marshall, Isole Salomon, Isole Turks e Caicos, Isole Vergini britanniche, Isole Vergini, Stati Uniti, Madagascar, Maldive, Malesia, Mar delle Andamane, Martinica, Mauritius, Messico (Pacifico orientale), Micronesia, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Nuova Caledonia, Nuova Zelanda, Oceano Indiano, Oceano Indiano occidentale, Palau, Papua Nuova Guinea, Polinesia Francese, Repubblica Dominicana, Saint Kitts e Nevis, Samoa, Samoa americane, Scandinavia, Seychelles, St. Lucia, St. Vincent e Grenadines, St.Helena, Sudafrica, Sudamerica, Tailandia, Taiwan, Tonga, Trinidad e Tobago, USA, Vanuatu 
Sea depth:
1 - 100 Meter 
35 cm - 50 cm 
22°C - 26°C 
Piccoli pesci, zooplancton 
Non adatto agli acquari! 
Not available as offspring 
Has a poison harmful to health 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Least concern (LC)  
Related species at
Catalog of Life
Last edit:
2020-03-30 22:21:34 


This is a general hint!
Canthidermis maculata has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Canthidermis maculata in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Canthidermis maculata. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
Overview Worldwide:

Translated with


Circumglobal. But not in Mediterranean.
Western Pacific: north to Hokkaido, Japan and east to French Polynesia. Eastern Pacific: Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to Huacho, Peru, and including the Galapagos Islands.
Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and Bermuda to South America.
Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde and west coast of Africa.
Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Reunion.

Found in shallow coastal and offshore waters. Epipelagic nearly all throughout life, often associated with drifting objects.
May occur on deep rocky slopes.
Appear to school in large numbers based on catches from set nets.
Oviparous. Marketed fresh.

Reports of ciguatera poisoning




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