Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon River to northern Argentina; apparently absent from most of the Caribbean Sea.
Epipelagic, neritic and schooling species that may enter estuaries. Known to be cannibalistic, adults prey on small schooling fishes, invertebrates like squid and shrimps and can swallow relatively large prey.
Eggs and larvae pelagic.
Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen.
Able to adapt to different temperatures 12° to 27°C and salinities 14 to 39.
Reports of ciguatera poisoning.
Palamita sarda (Bloch, 1793)
Pelamis sarda (Bloch, 1793)
Pelamys sarda (Bloch, 1793)
Sarda mediterranea (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sarda pelamis (Brünnich, 1768)
Scomber mediterraneus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scomber palamitus Rafinesque, 1810
Scomber ponticus Pallas, 1814
Scomber sarda Bloch, 1793
Thynnus brachypterus Cuvier, 1829
Thynnus sardus (Bloch, 1793)